E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Abronia umbellata var. breviflora (Standley) L. A. Galloway
pink sand-verbena
Nyctaginaceae (Four o'clock family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Abronia umbellata var. breviflora
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Species Information

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Annual, sometimes perennial herb from a thick, deep taproot, densely glandular-hairy throughout; stems trailing, to 1.5 m long; branches short, forming mats.
Opposite, thick and fleshy, lanceolate to narrowly egg-shaped, 2-6 cm long, 0.8-3.5 cm wide; stalks 2.5-7 cm long.
Inflorescence of many-flowered, rounded heads on stout flower stalks 2-4 cm long, involucral bracts 5 (4), in a whorl, narrowly lanceolate, 5-6 mm long; perianth tube greenish to pinkish, 6-8 mm long, widely flaring into a pink, 5-lobed limb 5-6 mm wide.
Achenes, 10-12 mm long, prominently 3- or 4-winged, the wings of the fruits wider than the fruit bodies.
This regional endemic was considered extinct in BC and WA until recently (Douglas et al. 1998a, Washington Natural Heritage Program 1994). Two plants of this species were rediscovered in 2000 and subsequently destroyed by a winter storm that year (Douglas 2001). In May 2001 three plants reappeared at the same site.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Coastal sandy beaches below the driftwood zone in the lowland zone; rare on the W coast of Vancouver Island, known only from Ahousat and Pachena Bay (in 1915 and 1927, respectively) and more recently from Clo-oose Beach, Pacific Rim National Park; S to WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Abronia umbellata subsp. acutalata (Standl.) Tillett
Abronia umbellata subsp. breviflora (Standl.) Munz
Abronia umbellata var. acutalata (Standl.) C.L. Hitchc.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References