E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Adiantum capillus-veneris L.
southern maiden-hair (common maidenhair)
Pteridaceae (Maidenhair Fern family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ryan Batten  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #25782)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Adiantum capillus-veneris
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Species Information

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Perennial from a slender, black-tinged rhizome.
Oval, 5-30 cm long, oval in outline, borne on smooth dark stipes, pinnately 2- to 3-times divided, the segments fan-shaped, 0.5-3 cm long, 0.5-3 cm wide, obtusely lobed.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet rock walls in the montane zone; rare in E BC (Fairmont Hot Springs); cosmopolitan, disjunct, S to ME, NH, PA, NC, FL, MS, LA, TX, NM, AZ and CA; Europe, S Asia, Africa, S America, Australia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Adiantum capillus-veneris

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1433 1433 1433
Slope Gradient (%) 26 26 26
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
110 110 110
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ICH(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Adiantum capillus-veneris var. modestum (Underw.) Fernald
Adiantum capillus-veneris var. protrusum Fernald
Adiantum modestum Underw.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References