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Summary: features include small size, tall thin stature, pinkish brown to purplish fibrils on cap even at button stage, conifer habitat; Kerrigan, Phillips, and Isaacs also say that it turns yellow, although this was apparently not noted by Peck; Phillips gives range as throughout most of North America, Isaacs(1) and Vellinga(5) record for WA, Kerrigan for CA, Oregon State University has collections from OR, University of British Columbia has a collection from BC by Pam Janszen; Hotson(1) described specimens from WA that Isaacs placed in a separate species Agaricus hotsoni with larger truncate spores (see separate entry), but that taxon was never validly published: the Hotson(1) description is included here for comparison, CHEMICAL REACTIONS cap surface staining yellow in KOH
Cap: 1-3cm across, ovoid at first, later convex, finally nearly flat, not umbonate (in California collections, although one of Peck's description says "sometimes with slight umbo"); pink at first, when old becoming brown from appressed-fibrillose scales, disc concolorous, background whitish, becoming orangish on drying; dry, at first innately fibrillose, fibrils scant to absent near margin, when old forming pointed appressed-fibrillose fine scales about 0.05-0.1cm long and broad, (Kerrigan), 1-4cm across, "ovate then expanded-umbonate"; pinky-buff, darker in center, fibrils pinkish brown to purplish, cap bruising yellowish; dry, smooth to slightly fibrillose, (Phillips), margin incurved, (Chariton), 2.5-3.5cm across, shallowly bell-shaped, becoming flat, not umbonate, margin rounded, conspicuously exceeding gills by 0.2cm membranous extension; 'disc dark reddish brown, 7J10, outward "tilleul buff", R40, the vinaceous brown fibrils so sparse as to scarcely change the ground color', surface becoming intensely yellow where bruised; "dry, appressed-silky with innate, delicately streaked, widely spaced, aggregated fibrils", (Isaacs), 4cm across, convex or flat, with pink or rose-red scales on a grayish white surface, staining yellow where touched, (Hotson)
Flesh: 0.1-0.2cm thick; white, unchanging, in stem whitish becoming yellowish, (Kerrigan), 0.3cm off disc, soft; white, in stem white, turning yellowish when old, (Isaacs), thin, white, (Hotson)
Gills: free, close, up to 0.3cm broad; pallid then faintly if at all dull pink, finally dark blackish brown, (Kerrigan), free, close, rather broad, about 0.5cm broad, narrowly rounded at stem, bluntly pointed toward margin; bright rosy pink, then grayish vinaceous, (color in unopened buttons not seen), (Isaacs), close, ventricose, moderately broad; soon becoming grayish or purplish gray then black; edges entire, (Hotson)
Stem: 2-5cm x 0.1-0.3(0.4)cm, equal, narrowly stuffed-hollow, base shallowly rooted in forest litter; white, becoming yellowish or orangish; nearly bald in upper part, fibrillose in lower part when young, (Kerrigan), 5-6cm x 0.4-0.5cm, equal, round in cross-section, base oval-bulbous, 1cm thick, stem narrowly stuffed, becoming hollow; pallid ivory, becoming ochraceous buffy downward when old, yellowish where bruised; bald above ring, sparsely floccose below ring, "often in obscure longitudinal patches", (Isaacs), 3-4cm x 0.3-0.4cm, equal, base slightly bulbous, stuffed then hollow; white, staining yellow where touched; satiny smooth, (Hotson)
Veil: ring small, fragile, pendant, flaring about 0.2cm, supramedian, white, not double, (Kerrigan), ring superior, pendulous, 0.5cm wide, "persistent, thin-membranous, upper surface smooth, lower surface sparsely floccose, single, floccose edge", white or pale ivory, then apricot orange when old, (Isaacs), small, simple, superior, pendant ring, thin as tissue paper but persistent, white, (Hotson), ring white but becoming apricot-orange on drying or when old, (Chariton)
Odor: almonds (Kerrigan), strong, pleasant, almond or anise, (Isaacs), pleasant (Phillips), none (Hotson)
Taste: pleasant (Phillips), none (Hotson)
Microscopic spores: spores (4.1)4.9-5.4(6.4) x (3.4)3.6-3.9(4.5) microns, elliptic to broadly elliptic, dark brown, hilar appendix somewhat prominent, germ pore not evident; basidia 4-spored or substantially 2-spored, 10.5-20 x 7.5-10.5 microns, clavate to ventricose, sterigmata 2-4(6) microns long; cheilocystidia not observed, gill margin fertile; hyphae of annulus filled with orange inclusions when mounted in KOH (unlike Agaricus comptuloides), (Kerrigan), spores 4.7-5.6 x 3.5-3.8(4.1) microns, obovate to elliptic in both face and side views, apiculus colorless, blunt, obscure, one to several droplets; basidia 4-spored, 15-21 x 6-8 microns, short-clavate with broad pedicel, colorless, sterigmata acuminate, about 2 microns long; cheilocystidia 8-21 x 6-8 microns, "short-clavate, broadly obpyriform, or sphaeropedunculate, often with a broad pedicel", the cells abundant, basidia-like, but broader in relation to length, not bright yellow in KOH, gill edge nearly sterile, (Isaacs), spores 4.5-5.5 x 3.5-5 microns, broadly elliptic, (Phillips), spores 6.5-7 x 4-5 microns, (Hotson(1))
Spore deposit: deep brown (Phillips)
Habitat / Range
scattered on soil and leaf litter, July to September, (Phillips), under conifers (Chariton), single to scattered-gregarious in litter of mixed evergreen and mixed coniferous forests, (Kerrigan for California), gregarious under conifers in leaf mold and needles, (Isaacs), summer, fall
like rare lookalike Agaricus hotsoni, [never validly published, described as A. diminutivus by Hotson(1), but has larger spores], spores of A. hotsoni with evident truncate distal end, (Chariton); A. comtulus and A. micromegethus both grow in grass; A. comptuloides is shorter, squatter, and duller colored according to Isaacs, but according to Kerrigan has a nipple-like umbo when dried, lacks the orange-staining in KOH of inclusions in the veil hyphae, and stem and spores may tend to be longer; (according to Chariton, A. comptuloides and A. diminutivus have stem diameter less than 0.4cm and length 1.5-2.5 x cap diameter, whereas A. semotus and A. purpurellus have stem diameter more than 0.4cm and length approximately equal to cap diameter); A. dulcidulus (reported by Zeller from Oregon) lacks rosy-red scales and lacks a pink color during gill development
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
21/10/2019 6:12:26 AM
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