E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Agaricus subrutilescens Kauffman
wine-colored Agaricus
Agaricaceae

Species account author: Ian Gibson.
Extracted from Matchmaker: Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest.

Introduction to the Macrofungi

© Michael Beug  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15228)

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Distribution of Agaricus subrutilescens
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Species Information

Summary:
has dark purple-brown cap and shaggy white stem, distinguished from similar scaly forms by definite vinaceous color, also notable is greenish staining with KOH, known in Agaricus only from this species and a similar one in the southeastern United States; found at least WA, OR, CA (Isaacs who says it is commoner in the south part of the range); collection from BC by Paul Kroeger deposited at University of British Columbia, CHEMICAL REACTIONS cap surface usually staining greenish olive in KOH (sometimes slowly), (Arora), KOH on cap slowly greenish, rarely yellow on stem base, (Kerrigan), 3% KOH negative (Isaacs)
Cap:
5-15(20)cm across, convex or with a somewhat flattened top, becoming broadly umbonate to flat or with an uplifted margin; "covered with brown to purple-brown or wine-colored fibrils or fibrillose scales (sometimes only at the center) on a white to dingy background"; dry, (Arora), 7-13(20)cm across, at first narrowly convex to convex, later often broadly convex, or sometimes conic-convex to narrowly truncate, finally nearly flat, sometimes with slight, broad umbo; fine scales at first colored dark brown, becoming more reddish-brown, when old more drab, background whitish, becoming dingy; "dry, innately fibrillose, sometimes remaining so, or becoming shallowly fibrillose-areolate, more usually becoming appressed-fibrillose-squamulose", the fine scales extensive, about 0.3-0.8cm long and 0.2-0.4cm wide, pointed, sometimes slightly scurfy, (Kerrigan)
Flesh:
firm; white, not staining when bruised, (Arora), up to 1-1.5cm thick; white, unchanging, in stem white and unchanging, (Kerrigan)
Gills:
free at maturity, close; whitish then pinkish then pinkish brown then chocolate brown or blackish brown, when pinkish usually bruising brighter rosy pink when cut, (Arora), free, close, up to 0.8cm broad; pallid then pink, bruising rosy color, then dark blackish brown, (Kerrigan)
Stem:
5-20cm x 0.5-2(4)cm, equal or wider below, stuffed or hollow, often fragile when old; above the ring smooth and white or reddish, below the ring sheathed with soft cottony white scales that break up into fibrillose patches when old or wear away, (Arora), 8-17cm x 0.5-1.5(3)cm, equal or sometimes club-shaped, or rarely somewhat ventricose [spindle-shaped], base fairly deeply rooted in litter; white, except top part initially pink; at first sometimes obscurely finely floccose zonate in upper part, becoming smooth or with fine striations, covered in lower part with abundant fibrils that fall off, (Kerrigan), base aging brownish (Chariton)
Veil:
membranous, white, forming a thin, usually superior, skirt-like ring on stem, (Arora), veils "forming a thin, entire, pendant (or pendant-upturned and appearing peronate), subapical (rarely to median), white annulus, upper surface smooth or finely striate", lower surface fibrillose-floccose, with a thin, narrow band formed of universal veil, universal veil also forming well developed layer of deciduous fibrils on lower part of stem, (Kerrigan)
Odor:
mild or slightly fruity (Arora), fruity / spicy after exposure (Kerrigan), pleasant (Phillips)
Taste:
pleasant (Phillips), mild and pleasant (Miller)
Microscopic spores:
spores 4.5-6 x 3-4 microns, elliptic, smooth, (Arora), spores (4.1)4.9-5.4(6.4) x (3.0)3.1-3.8(4.1) microns, elliptic, dark brown, hilar appendix not prominent, germ pore not evident; basidia 4-spored, 14-20 x 6-7 microns, clavate, sterigmata 2-4 microns long; cheilocystidia not abundant, scattered, 10-17 x 8-12 microns (occasional cells to 40 x 17 microns), clavate, ovoid, or spherical, gill margin composed primarily of cells oriented parallel to margin, nearly sterile, (Kerrigan)
Spore deposit:
chocolate brown (Arora)

Habitat / Range

single, scattered, or in small groups in woods, usually under conifers, (Arora), single, scattered, or gregarious under conifers in duff or under brush (Rubus) in leafy humus, (Isaacs), single to gregarious in various forest communities, (Alnus, Sequoia, Pseudotsuga, Cupressus, Quercus), (Kerrigan for California), fall and winter (Miller)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Range and Status Information Links

Edibility

yes, but severe gastric upsets in some (Arora)

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Kerrigan(1), Arora(1)*, Phillips(1)*, Miller(14)*, Kibby(1)*, Lincoff(2)*, Hotson(1), Chariton(1), Smith(15), Isaacs(1), Trudell(4)*, AroraPocket*

References for the fungi

General References