E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Allium vineale L.
Wild Garlic (field garlic; Short-beaked Agoseris)
Amaryllidaceae (Lily family)
(Previously in Liliaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Gerry & Wendy Ansell  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #70843)

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Distribution of Allium vineale
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Species Information

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Perennial garlic-scented herb from an egg-shaped, scaly bulb, the bulbs clustered with several hard-shelled bulblets within the outer scales, which are yellow-brown, vertically grooved, and fibrous; flowering stems erect, 30-100 cm tall, slender, cylindric, solid, smooth.
Usually 2 to 4, borne below the middle of the flowering stem, linear, cylindric, hollow, much shorter than the stem, 1-2 mm wide, long-sheathing at the base, smooth, the margins entire.
Inflorescence a compact, terminal, head-like cluster of several to many, stalked flowers or the flowers largely replaced by bulbils, above 1 membranous, lanceolate bract, the stalks 4- to 5-times as long as the flowers; flowers greenish-white to purplish, bell-shaped, of 6 distinct tepals; tepals 3-4 mm long, oblong-egg-shaped, blunt, erect; stamens 6, the inner 3 longer than the tepals and with filaments bearing a pair of lateral appendages; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Capsules, more or less egg-shaped, 3-lobed, lacking distinct crests; seeds 6 or fewer, black.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry fields and waste places in the lowland zone; infrequent on S Vancouver Island; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References