E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Alopecurus carolinianus Walter
Carolina meadow-foxtail (Carolina foxtail)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Adolf Ceska  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #11371)

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Distribution of Alopecurus carolinianus
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Species Information

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Annual (or winter annual) tufted grass from fibrous roots; stems 10-30 (40) cm tall.
Sheaths open; blades more or less rough at least on the upper surfaces, 2-4 mm wide; ligules jagged, long-pointed, (2) 3-4 (5) mm long.
Inflorescence a pale green cylindrical panicle, mostly 2-6 cm long; spikelets less than 4 mm long (excluding the awns); glumes (2) 2.3 (2.6) mm long, fringed with fine, stiff hairs on the keels, long-hairy on the lateral nerves, tips rounded; lemmas with margins fused to their midlength, equal to or slightly longer than the glumes, awned, the awns inserted 0.5 mm above the base, usually abruptly bent, slender, longer than the glumes (extending 2.5 mm or more beyond them), about 2-3 mm long; anthers 0.3-0.4 (0.5) mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Yellow
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist vernal pools, roadsides and meadows in the lowland zone; rare on S Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands and SC BC; E to S SK and S to ME, MA, PA, NC, FL, MS, LA, TX, NM, AZ, MX and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Alopecurus carolinianus

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1150 1150 1150
Slope Gradient (%) 20 20 20
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
58 57 58
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Alopecurus macounii Vasey
Alopecurus ramosus Poir.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References