E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Anemonastrum canadense
Canada anemone
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Amelie Rousseau  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6480)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Anemonastrum canadense
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from woody stem-bases joined by rhizomes; stems erect, 15-80 cm tall, hairy.
Basal, 1 to 5, simple, ascending, strongly veined, circular in outline, 4-10 cm long, 5-15 cm wide, deeply palmately 3- to 5-divided, the divisions mostly 3-cleft, the ultimate segments 10-30 (35) mm wide, toothed and incised on the upper 1/3 to 1/2, tips pointed, lightly fine-hairy; stalks 8-22 (37) cm long.
Inflorescence a solitary terminal flower or a few-flowered cyme; primary involucral bracts 3, subtending a long-stalked flower, leaf-like, similar to basal leaves but unstalked and broadly triangular in outline; secondary involucres, sometimes present in vigorous plants, of 2 smaller leaf-like bracts; petals absent; sepals usually 5, petal-like, white, egg-shaped, 10-20 mm long, 5-15 mm wide, smooth or hairy near the base; stamens 80-100.
Achenes, many in a spherical to egg-shaped head on stalk 7.5-11.5 cm long, the achenes egg-shaped to ellipsoid, 3-6 mm long, 3.5-6 mm wide, winged, short appressed-hairy to almost smooth, abruptly beaked, beaks 2-6 mm long, not feathery.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows, thickets and forest openings in the montane zone; rare in BC S of 56degreeN and E of Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to NT, E to NF and S to MO, OH, NJ, SD and NM.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Anemonastrum canadense

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1420 1425 1430
Slope Gradient (%) 1 14 27
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
45 0 225
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 3 3
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(1)

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Anemone canadensis L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References