E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Anemone multifida var. saxicola Poir. B. Boivin
cut-leaved anemone (red windflower)
Ranunculaceae (Buttercup family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Andrea Paetow  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #15636)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Anemone multifida var. saxicola
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a woody stem-base; stems 1 to many, erect, 10-60 cm tall, sparsely to abundantly hairy
Leaves:
Basal, 3 to 6, ascending, 3-10 cm wide, palmately 1- or 2-times 3-parted, margins incised on upper 1/3, the ultimate segments 2-3.5 mm wide, smooth to long-hairy on upper surfaces, long-hairy on lower; stalks 4-10 cm long.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a 2- to 7-flowered, terminal cyme, or a solitary flower; flower stalks long soft-hairy; involucral bracts usually 3 to 5, occasionally 2 in secondary bracts, leaf-like, short-stalked, similar to basal leaves but reduced, ultimate segments 1.5-3 mm wide, sometimes incompletely 3- parted; petals absent; sepals usually 5 to 9, petal-like, from cream-coloured to yellowish and tinged with blue, purple, or red, especially on outer surface, sometimes wholly pink, egg-shaped to oblong, 5-17 mm long, 5-7 mm wide, hairy on outside, smooth inside; stamens 50-80, whitish; styles white.
Fruits:
Achenes, numerous in a spheric head on stalks 6-15 cm long, the achenes irregularly elliptic, flat, 3-4 mm long, 1.5-2 mm wide, not winged, woolly or long-hairy; beaks more or less straight, curved or hooked at tip, 1-6 mm long, smooth.
Notes:
Two varieties occur in our region:

1. Plants (10) 20-40 cm tall; inflorescence (1-) 2- to 3-flowered................... var. saxicola Boivin

1. Plants (30) 40-60 cm tall; inflorescence (2-) 5- to 7-flowered..................... var. multifida

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry grasslands, shrublands, open forests, rock outcrops and meadows in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout BC; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to NY, ME, NE, NM, NV and N CA, disjunct in S America.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Anemone multifida var. saxicola

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 2195 2195 2195
Slope Gradient (%) 5 5 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
220 220 220
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
1
Modal BEC Zone Class
ESSF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Anemone multifida subsp. saxicola (Boivin) W.A. Weber
Anemone multifida var. hirsuta C.L. Hitchc., nom. inq.
Anemone multifida var. saxicola

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References