Wet to moist streambanks, forests and marshes in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in S BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, rare northward; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF, and S to CO, UT and CA.
Water birch is a small, shrubby birch found [particularly] in the southern interior of British Columbia and is distinguished from paper birch by its smaller size and by the presence of wartlike glands on its twigs. The leaves are roughly heart shaped with small teeth along the margins. In the cut-leaf mutant, found near Revelstoke, the developmet of the leaf is limited to narrow regions along some of the main veins so that the leaves look like mere skelteons of normal leaves.
Extracted from Griffiths and Ganders, 1983. Wildflower Genetics: A Field Guide for British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest.
Ecological Framework for Betula occidentalis
The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range. (Updated August, 2013)
Betula beeniana A. Nels. Betula fontinalis Sarg. Betula occidentalis var. inopina (Jepson) C.L. Hitchc. Betula papyrifera subsp. occidentalis (Hook.) HultΘn Betula papyrifera var. occidentalis (Hook.) Sarg.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2017. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
19/01/2019 12:21:58 PM
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