E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Betula nana subsp. exillis L.
scrub birch
Betulaceae (Birch family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Gerry & Wendy Ansell  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #70848)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Betula nana subsp. exillis
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Species Information

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Deciduous shrub, 0.3-2 m tall; young twigs densely glandular and distinctly short-hairy.
Alternate, deciduous, oval to round, usually coarsely toothed, thick and leathery in texture, 0.5-3 cm long; leaf stalks less than 1 cm long.
Male and female flowers in separate catkins 1-2.5 cm long; flowers emerging before or with the leaves; catkins breaking up at maturity.
Nutlets with wings relatively narrow, less than half the width of the body of the nutlets.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist bogs, fens, streamsides, marshes, meadows and rocky slopes from the montane to the alpine zones; common throughout BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NB and NS, and S to MN, CO and N CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References