E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Bidens cernua L.
nodding beggarticks
Asteraceae (Aster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #69079)

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Distribution of Bidens cernua
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Introduction

Nodding beggarticks is a wetland species that is found across the US and Canada in most states and provinces with only a handful of exceptions (e.g. Florida, Labrador) (USDA 2010). In British Columbia, it is found across the province, though it is more frequent east of the Cascades. This is an annual, fibrous-rooted species that often grows mixed with other species of Bidens. It is found in a variety of habitats including shorelines of lakes and ponds, marshes, ditches, often in standing water, in sandy or mucky sites. It is also reported from mudflats, mucky bottomland, depressions in forests, sedge meadows, fens and bogs, cedar swamps (Michigan Flora Online 2011). Along the BC coast, it may be found in tidal sloughs and marshes. Nodding beggarticks is similar to Vancouver Island beggarticks, but it is readily identified by its nodding flowerheads, yellow ray petals, spherical seed heads, and strap-like leaves. The achenes are distinctive--with convex, cartilaginous summits and very narrow bases.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Annual herb from a fibrous root; stems erect, simple or branched, sparsely spreading-hairy to glabrous, 0.1-1.0 m tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves simple, unstalked, opposite, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 1.5-20 cm long, 0.5-4.5 cm wide, sometimes joining at the stems, coarsely saw-toothed to nearly entire, glabrous.
Flowers:
Heads with ray and disk flowers, sometimes discoid, hemispheric or nearly so, numerous when well-developed, nodding with age; involucres 12-25 mm wide; involucral bracts in 2 dissimilar series, the outer ones 5-8, green, leafy, unequal, spreading or reflexed, linear-lanceolate, usually longer than the disk, the inner ones erect, narrowly egg-shaped, mostly 6-8 mm long, greenish-brown; ray flowers 6-8, or sometimes lacking, yellow, about 1.5 cm long; disk flowers yellow.
Fruits:
Achenes mostly 5-8 mm long, tan, narrowly wedge-shaped, compressed-quadrangular, the marginal nerves and convex summit tending to be thickened and light coloured at maturity; pappus of 3-4 retrorsely-barbed awns, 2-3 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Yellow
Blooming Period:
Late Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Purple
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet ditches and lakeshores in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; common throughout BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains, less frequent on Vancouver Island and the adjacent mainland; circumboreal, E to PQ and S to NC, AR, OK, TX, NM, AZ and CA, Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Additional Notes

View a comparison photo of the seeds of Bidens amplissima and Bidens cernua.

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Bidens cernua

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 70 511 817
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
7 7 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
4
Modal BEC Zone Class
ICH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(1), ICH(2), PP(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Bidens cernua var. cernua L.
Bidens cernua var. dentata (Nutt.) Boivin
Bidens cernua var. elliptica Wieg.
Bidens cernua var. integra Wieg.
Bidens cernua var. minima (Huds.) Pursh
Bidens cernua var. oligodonta Fern. & St. John
Bidens cernua var. radiata DC.
Bidens glaucescens Greene

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

Species References

Ganders, Fred, Rose Klinkenberg and Brian Klinkenberg. 2002. British Columbia loses an endemic species: Bidens amplissima (Asteraceae) also occurs in Washington State. Botanical Electronic News 293.

General References