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Summary: Features include tiny shallow yellow cups growing in large numbers on dead hardwoods, stemless or with short stem, and microscopic characters. Bisporella citrina is commonly identified in the Pacific Northwest. It is found throughout North America, July to November, (Lincoff(2)). The University of British Columbia has collections from BC and MN and the University of Washington has collections from WA, OR, AK, and New Zealand. Cornell (CUP) has collections from ON, MD, Denmark, Finland, France, Greenland, and Hungary.
Upper surface: 0.1-0.3cm across, saucer-shaped to plate-shaped or expanded with a convex disc, "lemon-yellow to yolk-yellow, margin often somewhat darker", (Breitenbach), up to 0.3cm across, shallow cup-shaped, slightly concave; deep yellow drying orange-yellow, (Dennis
Underside: lemon-yellow to yolk-yellow; smooth, (Breitenbach), paler than upper surface; smooth, (Dennis)
Stem: stemless or with very short stem (Breitenbach), narrowed to a small base (Dennis)
Microscopic: spores 8-12 x 3-3.6 microns, elliptic, smooth, colorless, with 2 drops, with single septum when mature, irregularly uniseriate; asci 8-spored, 100-125 x 7-8 microns, amyloid; paraphyses filiform [thread-like], tips with slight clavate thickenings, (Breitenbach), spores 9-14 x 3-5 microns, elliptic, with oil drops at each end, biseriate, often becoming 1-septate; asci 8-spored, up to 135 x 10 microns, cylindric-clavate, pore not distinctly blue with iodine; paraphyses slender, slightly widened upward and containing large yellow oil drops, (Dennis)
Habitat / Range
gregarious and cespitose on dead branches of hardwoods, usually covering entire branches, (Breitenbach), gregarious, on wood or erumpent from bark, (Dennis), in large numbers on dead wood of hardwoods (Phillips), spring to fall (Lincoff(1)), in large numbers on hardwood branches that have lost their bark (Trudell)
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2019. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
18/10/2019 3:47:49 AM
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