E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Botrychium multifidum (S.G. Gmel.) Trevis.
leathery grape fern
Ophioglossaceae (Adder's-tongue family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #4200)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Botrychium multifidum
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Species Information

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General:
Evergreen perennial, 7-30 cm tall.
Sporophores:
2- to 3-pinnate, 1.2-2 times length of trophophores.
Trophophores:
Broadly triangular, stalks 2-15 cm long, wintergreen, thick, leathery, smooth, ternate and 3- to 4-pinnate, up to 25-35 cm long and about as wide; pinnae to 10 pairs, all in the plane of the blade; pinnules lopsided egg-shaped, rounded with entire margins.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet meadows, grassy clearings, lake margins, riverbanks, alluvial forests in the lowland and montane zones; frequent south of 55degreeN; circumpolar, N to AK, E to NF and S to MA, NY, WV, OH, IL, IA, SD, CO, AZ and CA; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Botrychium multifidum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 60 746 1798
Slope Gradient (%) 0 10 65
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
70 143 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
29
Modal BEC Zone Class
CWH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(1), CWH(10), ESSF(5), ICH(6), IDF(2), MH(2), SBS(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Botrychium californicum Underw.
Botrychium coulteri Underw.
Botrychium matricariae (Schrank) Spreng.
Botrychium multifidum subsp. californicum (Underw.) R.T. Clausen
Botrychium multifidum subsp. coulteri (Underw.) R.T. Clausen
Botrychium multifidum subsp. silaifolium (C. Presl) R.T. Clausen
Botrychium multifidum var. californicum (Underw.) Broun
Botrychium multifidum var. coulteri (Underw.) Broun
Botrychium multifidum var. intermedium (D.C. Eaton) Farw.
Botrychium multifidum var. multifidum
Botrychium multifidum var. silaifolium (C. Presl) Broun
Botrychium occidentale
Botrychium silaifolium C. Presl
Botrychium silaifolium var. coulteri (Underw.) Jeps.
Botrychium ternatum var. intermedium
Sceptridium multifidum

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References