E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Cakile edentula (Bigelow) Hook.
American searocket
Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Dave Ingram  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #21253)

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Distribution of Cakile edentula
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Cakile edentula ssp. edentula

Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems freely branched, 10-50 cm tall, glabrous, base of lower stems often decumbent.
Basal leaves widely egg- or spoon-shaped, fleshy, deeply toothed to wavy-margined and saw-toothed, with a broad stalk, 2-7 cm long; stem leaves similar.
Inflorescence a raceme, 4-15 cm long; flower stalks 3-7 mm long, stout, ascending; petals white to purplish-tinged, 6-8 mm long; sepals sparsely soft-hairy at tip, early deciduous, 3-4 mm long.
Siliques, 1.5-2.5 cm long, slightly to considerably constricted at the joints, the upper segment triangular to egg-shaped, constricted to somewhat flattened beak, tip acute to notched.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet sandy shorelines in the lowland zone; common in coastal BC; N to AK and S to CA, also along the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Coast.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Cakile edentula

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 4 15
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
10 72 135
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 1 2
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(10)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References