E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Cakile maritima Scop. subsp. maritima
European searocket
Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Cakile maritima subsp. maritima
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems branched, 15-45 cm long, prostrate or ascending.
Basal leaves egg-shaped or oblanceolate to deeply pinnately lobed, fleshy, the lower leaves usually distinctly pinnately lobed, stalked, 3-6 cm long; upper stem leaves less lobed or entire, unstalked.
Inflorescence a raceme; flower stalks 3-7 mm long, stout, ascending; petals purple, lilac or white, 6-10 mm long; sepals 3-5 mm long.
Siliques, 1.5-3 cm long, usually expanded at the joints into projecting wings, the upper segment twice as long as lower, conic to cylindric, tips acute to blunt.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist disturbed areas in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC, known only from the W coast of Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Cakile maritima ssp. maritima

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 9 10 11
Slope Gradient (%) 2 2 2
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 2 2
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(2)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References