E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
heather (Scotch heather)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Brian Klinkenberg  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #14505)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Calluna vulgaris
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Species Information

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Diffuse shrub to 60 cm tall; stems twisted, bent, reclining or ascending, branched.
Opposite, evergreen, lance-oblong to linear, 2-4 mm long, glabrous or variously hairy, entire, margins strongly rolled under, making the leaf three-angled, 2 short pointed projections at base; unstalked; leaves of the main stems distant, those of short shoots densely overlapping in 4 rows.
Solitary, in leaf axils, forming a raceme- or panicle-like inflorescence 3-15 cm long, each flower with calyx-like involucre of 4 egg-shaped bracteoles; calyces egg-shaped to oblong, about 4 mm long, somewhat scarious, pale purple.
Capsules, globe-shaped, 2-2.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Commonly cultivated, escape in some boggy areas and waste places in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC; introduced from Europe.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References