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Summary: Also listed in Corals category. Calocera viscosa is a yellowish coral-like mushroom, with antler-like branching, tough gelatinous consistency, and viscid surface. According to McNabb it is characterized among Calocera species by large, usually dichotomously branched fruiting bodies, 1-septate spores, and lack of clamp connections, and when present a stout rooting base. The distribution includes BC, WA, ID, NF, NS, ON, PQ, MI, MN, NC, NY, TN, and WI, (Ginns), North America, Europe, and Asia, (Breitenbach), Mexico (Lowy), the British Isles, Czechoslovakia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Pakistan, Tibet in China, and Australia, (McNabb), Japan (Kobayasi in Reid), and widespread in USSR (Raitviir).
Fruiting body: up to 10cm high above point of emergence from wood, expanded above a short stem into erect, repeated dichotomous branches that are round in cross-section or flattened, consistency firm-gelatinous, often deeply rooted in the wood by a stout white rooting b
Microscopic: spores (8)9-12.5(14) x 3.5-4.5(5) microns, cylindric to slightly curved-cylindric, "thin-walled with thin septa, faintly tinted, apiculate", becoming 1-septate at maturity, germination by colorless spherical to nearly spherical conidia or by germ tubes; probasidia 23-42 x 3-4.5 microns, cylindric-subclavate, with basal septa, becoming bifurcate; hymenium consisting of basidia and occasionally simple cylindric dikaryophyses; composition otherwise "homogeneous, of thin-walled, septate, typically roughened hyphae, showing in transverse section an organization into three zones, clamp connections absent", (McNabb), spores (7)8-10 x 3.5-4.5 microns, elliptic to slightly allantoid [curved sausage-shaped], smooth, inamyloid, colorless, with drops, with one septum when mature, sometimes forming nearly round secondary spores; basidia 40-50 x 3-4 microns, fork-shaped, without basal clamp connection; cystidia not seen; hyphae 3-5.5 microns wide, "forked and sometimes with anastomoses, septa without clamps, thin-to thick-walled", (Breitenbach), spores deep ochraceous in mass (Martin), spore deposit orange-yellow (McKnight), spores form on all sides of mushroom, (Lincoff(2))
Habitat / Range
single or gregarious on rotten conifer wood, (Breitenbach), on conifer wood (Abies, Picea, Pinus), on old stump, saprophytic on ground, causes a white rot, (Ginns), August to November (Lincoff(2))
Coral fungi in general have soft, fragile flesh whereas Calocera viscosa is tough and difficult to tear, (Breitenbach). Calocera cornea is unbranched or rarely forked and rarely exceeds 1.5cm. Clavulinopsis corniculata is similar and also somewhat tough, but is not viscid, often grows on the ground, and is different microscopically. Ramaria gelatinosa is gelatinous in texture but is much larger and more extensively branched.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-06-01 12:55:52 AM
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