E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii (Baker) S. Watson (Greenm.) Gould
great camas (Suksdorf's large camas)
Asparagaceae
(Previously in Liliaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Camassia leichtlinii subsp. suksdorfii
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Introduction

Elegant spires covered with masses of star-shaped purple-blue flowers with glittering yellow anthers. This is a larger species than C. quamash. Native from BC to southern California.

Meadows, prairies and hillsides that are moist, at least in early spring.

Note Author: Gary Lewis, Phoenix Perennials

Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a deep, egg-shaped bulb 2-4 cm long; flowering stems 20-100 cm tall, smooth.
Leaves:
Basal leaves several to numerous, linear-lanceolate and grass-like, to 60 cm long, 1-2 cm wide, smooth, sheathing at the base, the margins entire; stem leaves lacking.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a terminal raceme of 5 to many, stalked flowers, the stalks 1-4 cm long, spreading in flower, spreading to ascending in fruit; flowers pale to deep blue, rarely white, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals 20-40 mm long, 5-10 mm wide, twisting together over the ovaries when withered; stamens 6; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Fruits:
Capsules, egg-shaped to oblong, cross-ridged, 1-2.5 cm long; fruiting stalks often longer than bracts, spreading to ascending, curved in towards stem; seeds several to many, shiny black, 2-4 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Vernally moist meadows in the lowland zone; locally frequent on SE Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands, one report also from adjacent mainland (Sechelt Peninsula); S to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool mesothermal.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Camassia leichtlinii
Camassia leichtlinii var. suksdorfii (Greenm.) C.L. Hitchc.
Camassia suksdorfii Greenm.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References