Perennial herb from a branching, slender rhizome; stems lax, often curved at the base, 5-40 cm tall, glabrous to inconspicuously short-hairy.
Basal leaves egg-shaped, stalked; stem leaves alternate, sharply toothed, 1-6 cm long, progressively narrower and less stalked upwards.
Inflorescence of several terminal, loose clusters of bell-shaped flowers; corollas 8-18 mm long, blue to whitish; corolla lobes recurved, spreading, longer than the basal tube.
Capsules, roundish, 3-6 mm long, opening near the middle.
If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.
Illustration Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia
||Value / Class
Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
of field plots
species was recorded in:
BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in
Source: Klinkenberg 2013