General: Perennial herb from a short, slender, fleshy rhizome, less than 3 cm long and 1-3 (4) mm thick; stems erect, 20-30 cm tall, glabrous.
Leaves: Basal leaves long-stalked, blades simple, orbicular to heart-shaped, shallowly round-toothed to lobed, sometimes deeply 3- or 5-lobed or compound with 3-5 (7) leaflets; stem leaves 1-3, grouped mostly above middle of stem, lobed, or compound with 3 or 5 lanceolate to egg-shaped-lanceolate, entire leaflets, 1-4 cm long.
Flowers: Inflorescence a few-flowered racemes, without bracts; flowers stalks erect to ascending, 10-20 mm long; petals pink to reddish or purplish, 7-12 mm long; sepals 3-5 mm long.
Fruits: Siliques, erect, 1.5-5 cm long, about 1.5 mm wide; styles slender, 3-6 mm long.
A shade-tolerant, submontane to montane, Pacific North American forb; ecologically comparable to C. breweri. Occurs in maritime to hypermaritime cool mesothermal climates on very moist to wet, nitrogen-rich soils; its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and continentality. Sporadic in closed-canopy forests on water-receiving sites; occasional in depressions on water-collecting sites with groundwater table at the ground surface. A nitrophytic species characteristic of Moder or Mull humus forms.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-09-29 4:37:45 AM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the