E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Cardamine pratensis L.
European field bitter-cress (Brewer's Bitter-cress; cuckoo bitter-cress; cuckoo-flower; lady's-smock)
Brassicaceae (Mustard family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6717)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Cardamine pratensis
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Cardamine pratensis ssp. pratensis

Species Information

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PDBRA0K0Z1
PDBRA0K0Z1


General:
Perennial herb from a rhizome; stems 8-45 cm tall, glabrous.
Leaves:
Basal leaves with 9-17 orbicular to lanceolate leaflets, 0.2-0.9 cm long, glabrous; stem leaves with 9-15 linear to narrowly oblong leaflets, linear or lanceolate to linear-oblanceolate.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a simple raceme, without bracts; flower stalks spreading-ascending, 5-20 mm long, glabrous; petals pink, pink-purple, or white, 8-15 mm long; sepals 3-4.5 mm long.
Fruits:
Siliques, erect, 1.4-3 cm long, 1-1.5 mm wide, glabrous; styles 1-1.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist streamsides, meadows, floodplains and open woods in the montane zone; frequent in SW BC (lower Fraser Valley, where it may be introduced), infrequent in N BC; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF, S to OH and MS; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Cardamine pratensis

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 455 1177 1900
Slope Gradient (%) 0 42 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
90 90 90
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
2
Modal BEC Zone Class
BWBS
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References