E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Carex simulata Mack.
short-beaked fen sedge (analogue sedge)
Cyperaceae (Sedge family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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Distribution of Carex simulata
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from stout, creeping rhizomes; stems 20-90 cm tall, arising singly or a few together, longer than the leaves.
Sheaths green, the lower ones bladeless; blades 2 to 5 per stem, crowded toward the base, flat or nearly so, 1-2.5 mm wide.
Spikes 5 to 15, 0.5-1 cm long, clustered into an egg-shaped or nearly cylindrical, 1- to 3-cm long head, usually distinguishable, unstalked, with both female and male flowers (sometimes with nearly or all male flowers or nearly or all female flowers), the male flowers towards the tips; bracts of the spikes inconspicuous, up to 1.5 cm long, much like the female scales.
Perigynia broadly egg-shaped to elliptical, 1.7-2.5 mm long, 1.3-1.5 mm wide, appressed ascending, green to shiny-brown, strongly flattened, smooth, few-nerved below, short-stalked, the beaks entire, finely-toothed, 0.3-0.5 mm long; female scales egg-shaped, as long as and slightly wider than the perigynia, awn-tipped, brown, the midribs pale, the margins translucent; stigmas 2; achenes lens-shaped, smooth, 1.2-1.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Wet, often calcareous, fens in the montane zone; rare in SC BC (Chilcotin-Cariboo region); E to SK and S to ND, NM, UT, NV and CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Carex simulata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 731 851 926
Slope Gradient (%) 0 1 3
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
41 60 80
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
6 6 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(1), IDF(2), SBPS(1), SBS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

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