E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Castilleja cervina Greenm.
deer paintbrush (deer Indian paintbrush)
Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #23168)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Castilleja cervina
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a somewhat woody stem-base; stems several, clustered, erect, 30-60 cm tall, usually branched above, short-curly-hairy or smooth, sometimes purplish.
Leaves:
Alternate, short-curly-hairy or rarely smooth, the lower leaves linear, entire, the upper ones deeply divided, with a pair of linear spreading lobes.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a prominently bracted terminal spike, narrow and ultimately elongate, the bracts yellowish, broader than the leaves, deeply 3- to 5-lobed, short-curly-hairy; corollas 18-25 mm long, slightly longer than and exserted from the calyces, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, minutely hairy, shorter than the tube and 2-4 times the length of the 3-lobed lower lip, the lobes minutely hairy; calyces hairy, 15-20 mm long, 2-lobed, these primary lobes again divided into 2 slender, sharp-pointed segments 2-3 mm long; stamens 4.
Fruits:
Capsules; seeds many, the seed-coats loose, net-veined.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry grasslands, rocky slopes and open forests in the steppe and montane zones; infrequent in SC, frequent in SE BC; S to MT, N ID and NE WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Castilleja cervina

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 603 1453 2012
Slope Gradient (%) 0 50 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
70 206 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
55
Modal BEC Zone Class
MS
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(1), ESSF(20), ICH(1), IDF(3), MS(27), PP(2)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References