E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Castilleja cervina Greenm.
deer paintbrush (deer paintbrush)
Orobanchaceae (Broom-rape family)
(Previously in Scrophulariaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #23168)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Castilleja cervina
Click here to view our interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Perennial herb from a somewhat woody stem-base; stems several, clustered, erect, 30-60 cm tall, usually branched above, short-curly-hairy or smooth, sometimes purplish.
Alternate, short-curly-hairy or rarely smooth, the lower leaves linear, entire, the upper ones deeply divided, with a pair of linear spreading lobes.
Inflorescence a prominently bracted terminal spike, narrow and ultimately elongate, the bracts yellowish, broader than the leaves, deeply 3- to 5-lobed, short-curly-hairy; corollas 18-25 mm long, slightly longer than and exserted from the calyces, 2-lipped, the upper lip beak-like, minutely hairy, shorter than the tube and 2-4 times the length of the 3-lobed lower lip, the lobes minutely hairy; calyces hairy, 15-20 mm long, 2-lobed, these primary lobes again divided into 2 slender, sharp-pointed segments 2-3 mm long; stamens 4.
Capsules; seeds many, the seed-coats loose, net-veined.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry grasslands, rocky slopes and open forests in the steppe and montane zones; infrequent in SC, frequent in SE BC; S to MT, N ID and NE WA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Castilleja cervina

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 603 1453 2012
Slope Gradient (%) 0 50 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
70 206 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(1), ESSF(20), ICH(1), IDF(3), MS(27), PP(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References