E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Chimaphila umbellata (L.) W.P.C. Barton
prince's pine (Strawberry-blite)
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)
(Previously in Pyrolaceae)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ian Gardiner  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #24472)

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Distribution of Chimaphila umbellata
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Chimaphila umbellata ssp. occidentalis

Species Information

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General:
Perennial, slightly woody herb from a rhizome; stems stout, erect or nearly so, often branched, 10-30 cm tall.
Leaves:
Generally all stem leaves, usually 3-5 per whorl, leathery, evergreen, oblanceolate, 2-7 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide, sharply toothed, tips abruptly pointed, bases tapered; stalks 3-8 mm long.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of 3 to 10 nodding flowers in terminal umbel-like cluster, flower stem minutely- and glandular-hairy; flower stalks 4-10 cm long, glandular-hairy; bracts narrowly egg-shaped, deciduous; petals 5, distinct, 4-7 mm long, pinkish to somewhat rose, waxy; sepals 5, distinct, 1-2 mm long, margins jagged-toothed; ovaries superior; styles in depressed centre of ovary; stamens 10, anthers with terminal pores on tubes, the filament bases widened and swollen, only hairy on margins.
Fruits:
Capsules, nearly globe-shaped, 5-7 mm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
White
Blooming Period:
Late Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry forests in the montane zone; common in S BC, infrequent northward; N to SE AK, E to C AB and SK, scattered to James Bay, ON, and S to CA, NM, CO.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Chimaphila umbellata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 0 972 2140
Slope Gradient (%) 0 25 235
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 201 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 3 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
6196
Modal BEC Zone Class
ICH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(10), CDF(9), CWH(587), ESSF(444), ICH(2581), IDF(775), MH(5), MS(757), PP(9), SBPS(60), SBS(700), SWB(1)

Ecological Indicator Information

A shade-tolerant/intolerant, sub montane to montane, circumpolar evergreen shrub (transcontinental in North America). Occurs on very dry to moderately dry, nitrogen-poor soils (Mor humus forms) within montane boreal, temperate, and cool mesothermal climates. Its occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and precipitation, and increases with increasing continentality. Sporadic to scattered in coniferous forests on water-shedding sites with coarse-skeletal soils. Typically associated with Hylocomium splendens. An oxylophytic species characteristic of moisture-deficient sites.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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