Species description: Genus name is derived from the broad perforations in the ladder-like, inner-peristome teeth. Species name describing the treelike form of the plants.
Reproduction: Sporophytes infrequent except in floodplain areas where they are sometimes locally abundant in late winter and early spring; red-brown throughout.
Distinguishing characteristics: The miniature, tree-like plants that arise from a creeping stem are highly characteristic.
Habit: Forming loose, tall turfs of miniature trees that arise from creeping shoots; dark green to light green with reddish-brown stems. Habitat: Terrestrial or on logs (rarely on rock), in wet to marshy habitats, most luxuriant in areas subject to periodic flooding, from sea level to subalpine elevations; relatively widespread bur not common.
Similar Species: Although Leucolepis acanthoneuron has miniature treelike plants, these do not arise from a creeping shoot. The leaves of the main stem of L. acanthoneura are whitish and narrowly triangular while those of Climacium are heart-shaped and green. Sporophytes of Leucolepis are frequent in spring and sporangia are nodding, compared to the erect sporangia of Climacium.
Habitat / Range
Widely distributed in the Northern Hemisphere, extending in eastern North America southward to Wisconsin and Pennsylvania and in western North America to California; also in New Zealand.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2017. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
26/05/2019 12:44:36 PM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the