E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
Bermuda grass
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #9051)

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Distribution of Cynodon dactylon
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Cynodon dactylon var. dactylon

Species Information

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Perennial grass from elongate, scaly rhizomes; stems erect, 10-30 cm tall, the aerial stems decumbent and freely rooting.
Sheaths open, the collars and throats long-hairy; blades mostly 1.5-3 (5) mm wide, flat, short; ligules with membranous base scarcely 0.3 mm long, fringed with straight hairs 2-4 mm long.
Inflorescence of 4 or 5 digitate, terminal spikes up to 5 cm long; spikelets unstalked, borne in 2 rows on one side of the rachis, articulating above the glumes, usually 1-flowered; glumes about equal, narrow, 1-nerved; lemmas about 2 mm long, longer than the glumes, strongly compressed; paleas nearly as long as the lemmas, 2-nerved; rachillas prolonged and bristlelike, very occasionally bearing rudimentary second flowers; lodicules 2, more or less wedge-shaped, about 0.3 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Blooming Period:
Mid Spring
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Brown
Present over the Summer
According to the USDA, this species is a known allelopath.
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Dry to mesic waste places in the lowland zone; rare in SW BC (Vancouver area); introduced from Eurasia and N Africa.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Capriola dactylon (L.) Kuntze
Cynodon aristiglumis Caro & S├čnchez
Cynodon incompletus auct. non Nees [misapplied]
Panicum dactylon L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References