E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Dianthus armeria L.
Deptford pink
Caryophyllaceae (Pink family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jim Riley  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #65898)

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Distribution of Dianthus armeria
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Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria

Species Information

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Annual or biennial herb from a slender taproot; stems erect, 1-several, more or less crisp-hairy, 20-60 cm tall.
Basal and stem leaves opposite, linear, appressed, 4-10 cm long, 2-5 mm wide, crisp short-hairy, reduced above; stipules lacking.
Inflorescence in dense, 2- to many-flowered, terminal cluster(s); petals 5, pink to red with pale dots, the stalks 4-5 mm long, narrowly stalklike at the base, the blades more or less egg-shaped, toothed; sepals 5, united, forming a woolly-hairy tube about 15 mm long, 20- to 25-nerved, 5-toothed.
Capsules cylindric, about 15 mm long, 4-valved; seeds comápressed, concave on one side, 1-2 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry waste places in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; rare in extreme S BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Dianthus armeria

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 1 510 1047
Slope Gradient (%) 2 40 78
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
90 172 265
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(5), ICH(2), IDF(4), PP(6)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Dianthus armeria subsp. armeria

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References