E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Dryopteris carthusiana (Vill.) H.P. Fuchs
toothed wood fern (spinulose woodfern)
Dryopteridaceae (Wood Fern family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #20305)

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Distribution of Dryopteris carthusiana
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Species Information

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Deciduous perennial arising in a vase-like cluster.
Oblong, 20-70 cm long, 5-30 cm wide, smooth, 2-3 pinnate, the lowermost pinnae about the same length as those next to them higher up on the frond, leaf outline with parallel sides in its lower half.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet forests, swamps and avalanche tracks in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; infrequent throughout BC; circumpolar, N to YT and NT, E to NF and S to MA, NH, SC, AL, AR, NE, MT, ID and OR; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Dryopteris carthusiana

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 18 688 1530
Slope Gradient (%) 0 19 75
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
16 119 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(6), ESSF(1), ICH(11), SBS(3)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Dryopteris austriaca var. spinulosa (O.F. Müll.) Fisch.
Dryopteris spinulosa (O.F. Müll.) Watt

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References