E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Dryopteris filix-mas (L.) Schott subsp. filix-mas
male fern
Dryopteridaceae (Wood Fern family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants
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E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Dryopteris filix-mas subsp. filix-mas
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Species Information

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Deciduous perennial in vase-like clusters from a short, stout rhizome.
Oblong-lanceolate, broadest in the middle and narrowed towards the top and less towards the bottom, 20-120 cm long, 5-35 cm wide, 1-pinnate, the pinnae deeply cut, the segments with small blunt teeth along the margins.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to moist alluvial forests, avalanche tracks, talus and rocky crevices in the lowland to subalpine zones; frequent in coastal BC except rare on Vancouver Island and the Queen Charlotte Islands, infrequent in SC BC; almost cosmopolitan, but widely disjunct, E to NF and S to MA, NH, NY, MI, IL, TX, NM, AZ and CA; Eurasia, S America, S Asia, S Africa.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References