Elaeagnus commutata Bernh. ex Rydb.
silverberry (wolf-willow)
Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

Photograph

© Virginia Skilton     (Photo ID #3958)


Map

E-Flora BC Static Map

Distribution of Elaeagnus commutata
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend

Species Information

General:
Deciduous shrub from a strong rhizome; stems silvery- to brownish-scaled, branched, old branches dark greyish-red, young twigs brown or green, 1-4 m tall.
Leaves:
Alternate, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 2-7 cm long, short-stalked, silvery-scaly on both surfaces, wavy-margined.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of 1 to 3 short-stalked, nodding flowers in axillary clusters; corollas yellow within, silvery outside, funnel-shaped with 4 lobes, 6-14 mm long, aromatic; stamens 4.
Fruits:
Single achenes enclosed in silvery-mealy berries, 9-12 mm long, egg-shaped.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Illustration

If more than one illustration is available for a species (e.g., separate illustrations were provided for two subspecies) then links to the separate images will be provided below. Note that individual subspecies or varietal illustrations are not always available.

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Yellow
Blooming Period:
Early Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Elaeagnus commutata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Avg

Min

Max

Elevation (metres)
717 320 1150
Slope Gradient (%)
23 0 90

Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]

193 4 335
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 1 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
# of field plots
 species was recorded in:
70
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF

All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in

BG(19), BWBS(17), IDF(24), MS(1), PP(7)

Habitat and Range

Mesic to dry sand and gravel bars, meadows, shrublands and forest edges in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to PQ and S to MN, ND and UT.

SourceThe Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Synonyms

Synonyms and Alternate Names:
Elaeagnus argentea Pursh, non Moench