E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Elaeagnus angustifolia L.
Russian olive
Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66324)

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Distribution of Elaeagnus angustifolia
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Species Information

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General:
Deciduous shrub or small tree; stems sometimes thorny, branched, young twigs silvery, to 7 m tall.
Leaves:
Alternate, linear to linear-lanceolate, 4-8 cm long, silvery on both surfaces but paler below, entire.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of 1 to few short-stalked flowers in axillary clusters; corollas dark yellow within, silvery outside, funnel-shaped, about 1 cm long, 4-lobed, aromatic; stamens 4.
Fruits:
Single achenes enclosed in silvery-scaly drupes or berries, 1-2 cm long, elliptic, yellow.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Yellow
Blooming Period:
Early Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Yellow
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry roadsides and waste places in the steppe zone; locally frequent in SC BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Elaeagnus angustifolia

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres)
Slope Gradient (%) 1 1 1
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
1
Modal BEC Zone Class
SBS
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: SBS(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Elaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis (L.) Kuntze

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References