E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Elaeagnus commutata Bernh. ex Rydb.
silverberry (wolf-willow)
Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Virginia Skilton  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #3958)

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Distribution of Elaeagnus commutata
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Species Information

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General:
Deciduous shrub from a strong rhizome; stems silvery- to brownish-scaled, branched, old branches dark greyish-red, young twigs brown or green, 1-4 m tall.
Leaves:
Alternate, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 2-7 cm long, short-stalked, silvery-scaly on both surfaces, wavy-margined.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of 1 to 3 short-stalked, nodding flowers in axillary clusters; corollas yellow within, silvery outside, funnel-shaped with 4 lobes, 6-14 mm long, aromatic; stamens 4.
Fruits:
Single achenes enclosed in silvery-mealy berries, 9-12 mm long, egg-shaped.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Yellow
Blooming Period:
Early Summer
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present from Summer to Fall
Source:  The USDA

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry sand and gravel bars, meadows, shrublands and forest edges in the steppe and montane zones; frequent in BC east of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to PQ and S to MN, ND and UT.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Elaeagnus commutata

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 320 717 1150
Slope Gradient (%) 0 23 90
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
4 193 335
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
70
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(19), BWBS(17), IDF(24), MS(1), PP(7)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Elaeagnus argentea Pursh, non Moench

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References