E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Elliottia pyroliflora (Bong.) S.W. Brim & P.F. Stevens
copperbush
Ericaceae (Crowberry family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ian Cumming  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #2573)

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Distribution of Elliottia pyroliflora
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Species Information

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General:
Medium-sized shrub, 0.5-2 m tall; stems erect, glabrous or very sparingly short-hairy with loose, shredding copper-coloured bark.
Leaves:
Deciduous, alternate, appearing whorled, elliptic-oblanceolate to oblanceolate, 1-5 cm long, 0.4-1 cm wide, rounded with short, abrupt tooth-like tip, narrowly tapered towards base, entire, light green, lower surface pale; nearly stalkless.
Flowers:
Mostly solitary, terminal; corollas salmon or copper-coloured, saucer-shaped, the 5 distinct petals spreading, oblong-elliptic, 10-15 mm long; calyx lobes 5, 4-10 mm long, margins minutely-hairy; filaments glabrous, 5-8 mm long; styles curved, about 1 cm long.
Fruits:
Capsules, nearly globe-shaped, 4-9 mm wide.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

USDA Species Characteristics

Flower Colour:
Red
Fruit/Seed characteristics:
Colour: Red
Present over the

Habitat / Range

Moist to wet forests, streambanks, and bog edges in the montane and subalpine zones; common in BC west of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to S AK, S along coast to NW OR.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Elliottia pyroliflora

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 10 812 1705
Slope Gradient (%) 0 29 110
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 215 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
301
Modal BEC Zone Class
MH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BAFA(1), BWBS(2), CMA(3), CWH(92), ESSF(7), IDF(2), MH(188), MS(3), SBS(1), SWB(1)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is subalpine boreal & cool mesothermal.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Cladothamnus pyroliflorus Bong.
Elliottia pyroliflorus (Bong.) S.W. Brim & P.F. Stevens

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References