Details about map content are available here Click on the map dots to view record details.
This tiny June-flowering species occurs in seasonally wet shallow depressions (vernal pools and associated habitats) from southwest British Columbia to northwest California, including Idaho and Nevada. In BC, it is known from two sites on southern Vancouver Island. It is a habitat specialist with strict growing requirements as is typical of vernal pool species. Rainfall and groundwater provide moisture requirements, and nutrient levels are low at these sites. Seeds germinate following submersion in winter and spring, however dispersal capabilities of the species are low.
No plants of this species have been observed at the two known sites since 1966 and 1993 respectively, and the species is potentially extirpated from BC. It is possible that the seed bank for this species persists and that restoration work at the sites might provide a way to rescue the species where invasive species might be influencing persistence. However, water deficits in regional groundwater recharge were observed during climate data analysis and may have contributed to population loss and invasions at these sites.
General: Annual herb from a taproot; stems ascending to erect, 10-60 cm tall, usually branched from base, peeling below; plants greyish spreading-hairy.
Leaves: Opposite only near base, linear or narrowly lanceolate, reduced above, entire or remotely fine-toothed, hairy but glabrous near base; nearly stalkless.
Flowers: Inflorescence loose to somewhat crowded in leafy, terminal spikes, glandular, flower-leaves similar to others but entire and smaller; flowers generally fertilized in the bud, not opening; hypanthium 0.4-1 mm long; petals 1-3 mm long, pink or white; sepals 0.7-2 mm long; stigmas rarely 4-lobed.
Fruits: Capsules, cylindric, about 8-13 mm long, flexible, curved near tip, long-hairy, short-beaked, 4-chambered; valves adhering to partitions, the axis breaking-up as seeds shed; seeds 6-8 per chamber, 1-1.5 mm long, netted, glabrous, without a tuft of hairs.
Epilobium densiflorum, also a rare species in BC, resembles E. torreyi and the two species may occur together in the same habitat. Epilobium densiflorum has petals (2.5) 3 - 8 (12) mm, capsules slenderly fusiform and beakless, internal septae of the capsules free from the valves, crowded flowers, and leaves lanceolate to ovate (Douglas et al. 1999; COSEWIC 2006d).
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2020. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
2020-10-26 4:08:42 AM
The information contained in the E-Flora atlas pages is derived from expert
sources as cited in each section. This information is scientifically based.
E-Flora also acts as a portal to other sites via deep links. As
always, users should refer to the original sources for complete information.
E-Flora BC is not responsible for the accuracy or completeness of the