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Perennial herb from rhizomes and thickened roots; stems 40-100 cm tall, leafy.
Stem leaves lanceolate to egg-shaped, 6-10 cm long, ribbed, gradually reduced upward and downward.
Inflorescence terminal, somewhat 1-sided, of several showy flowers, the bracts linear to narrowly lanceolate; sepals green, purple-tinged, especially on outside, lanceolate to egg-shaped, 10-13 mm long, the lower sepals spreading to descending; lateral petals similar to sepals, 8-11 mm long, ascending or curved forward; lip 10-12 mm long, lower half pouchlike, white to pinkish outside, brown to purplish inside, upper half more or less flat, white to pinkish, with 2 thick bumps near base; column 3-5 mm long, curved over lip.
Capsules, ellipsoid, spreading to drooping, 1-1.5 cm long.
The pure white forma monotropoides (Mousley) Scoggan, previously known only from PQ (Scoggan 1978), was recently collected in the Victoria area.
Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia