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Japanese knotweed is an introduced and invasive species in British Columbia that is native to eastern Asia (Japan, China and Korea). It was imported as an ornamental plant and is sometimes used as a fence. It is a herbaceous perennial that thrives in disturbed sites, spreads rapidly, and forms thickets that are difficult to eradicate. New plants can grow from small pieces of root.
Japanaes knotweed is similar in appearance to Bohemian knotweed (Fallopia x bohemica) and giant knotweed (Fallopia sachalinensis) (though usually smaller) and hybridizes with giant knotweed.
Japanese knotweed is considered one of the top ten invasive plant species in British Columbia and is targeted for eradication. "The invasive root system and strong growth can damage foundations, buildings, flood defences, roads, paving, retaining walls and architectural sites." (Wikipedia 2012).
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expanded illustration for this species.
General: Perennial herb from a rhizome; stems erect, numerous, branched, 1-3 m tall, reddish-brown.
Leaves: Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves alternate, 10-15 cm long, the blades egg-shaped to more or less round, the bases rounded or squared off, the tips abruptly pointed, long stalked; stipules short, tubular, entire, usually deciduous.
Flowers: Inflorescence of numerous flowers in many panicles; perianths whitish or greenish-white, about 2 mm long at anthesis, 5-lobed nearly to the base.
Fruits: Achenes, 3-angled, black, smooth and shiny, 2.5-3 mm long.
Recommended citation: Author, Date. Page title. In Klinkenberg, Brian. (Editor) 2017. E-Flora BC:
Electronic Atlas of the Plants of British Columbia [eflora.bc.ca]. Lab for
Advanced Spatial Analysis, Department of Geography, University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. [Accessed:
12/12/2017 12:06:50 PM
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