E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Festuca brachyphylla Schult. ex Schult. & Schult. f.
alpine fescue
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #21153)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Festuca brachyphylla
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Perennial, more or less densely tufted grass from fibrous roots; stems mostly smooth, 5-30 cm tall.
Leaves:
Sheaths not conspicuous at the base of the stems, splitting between the nerves or remaining entire, usually not shredding into fibres; blades (2) 10-20 cm long, 0.35-0.65 mm wide, folded, angular and more or less irregular-hexagonal in cross-section with weakly developed sclerenchyma strands; ligules 0.1-0.3 mm long.
Flowers:
Inflorescence a narrow, spikelike panicle, 1.5-4 (5.5) cm long, the branches 0.2-1.2 cm long; spikelets 2- to 4- (6-) flowered, 4-8.5 mm long; lower glumes 1.2-3.3 mm long, the upper ones (2.4) 2.9-4.6 mm long; lemmas 3-5.2 mm long, awned, the awns 0.8-3.5 mm, usually less than 2.5 mm long, the lowermost lemmas 3-4.2 mm long; anthers (0.5) 0.7-1.1 (1.3) mm long; ovary tops smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry rocky slopes, scree slopes and moraines in the alpine zone; frequent throughout BC in and E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; circumpolar, N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to MN, CO, AZ and CA; Greenland, Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Festuca brachyphylla

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 250 2001 3000
Slope Gradient (%) 0 24 235
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 190 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 2 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
783
Modal BEC Zone Class
ESSF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(172), BAFA(213), BG(1), BWBS(6), cma(12), ESSF(242), ICH(4), IDF(7), IMA(78), MH(2), MS(17), PP(8), SBPS(1), SBS(3), SWB(6)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is alpine tundra & boreal.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Festuca brachyphylla var. groenlandica Schol.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References