E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Festuca subuliflora Scribn.
crinkle-awned fescue (crinkleawn fescue)
Poaceae (Grass family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Hans Roemer  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #22963)

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Distribution of Festuca subuliflora
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Species Information

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Perennial, loosely tufted grass from fibrous roots; stems (40) 60-100 (125) cm tall, with visible nodes.
Sheaths not conspicuous at the base of the stems, shredding into fibres towards the end of the growing season; blades (10) 15-30 (40) cm long, 2-10 mm wide, flat, lax; ligules 0.2-0.6 mm long, fringed hairs with hairs usually 0.5-1 times the length of the ligules.
Inflorescence an open panicle, (7) 10-20 cm long, the branches 3-15 cm long; spikelets (2-) 3- to 4- (5-) flowered, 8-12.5 mm long; lower glumes 2-4 mm long, the upper ones 3.5-5 (6) mm long; lemmas 6-9 mm long, awned, the awns 10-15 mm long, crinkled, zig-zagged, often recurved; anthers 2.5-4 mm long; ovary tops hairy.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic forests in the lowland zone; locally frequent in SW BC; S to CA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Festuca subuliflora

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 0 507 1285
Slope Gradient (%) 0 15 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
6 198 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 4 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CDF(2), CWH(77), IDF(11), MH(1), MS(14), SBPS(4), SBS(3)

Ecological Indicator Information

Shade-tolerant/intolerant, submontane to montane, Pacific North American grass; occurrence decreases with increasing elevation and continentality. Species occurs in maritime to submaritime cool mesothermal climates on fresh to very moist, nitrogen-rich soils. Scattered in coniferous forests, more frequent in broad-leaved forests on water­receiving (floodplain and seepage) sites. Frequently associated with Galium triflorum, Polystichum munitum, and Tiarella trifoliata. Nitrophytic species characteristic of Moder and Mull humus forms.

SourceIndicator Plants of Coastal British Columbia (Information applies to coastal locations only)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is cool mesothermal.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References