E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Fragaria virginiana subsp. glauca Duchesne S. Watson
Rosaceae (Rose family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Allan Carson  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #12006)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Fragaria virginiana subsp. glauca
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Perennial herb from a fibrous root and short rhizome usually from a single crown, with several leafless runners; stems trailing, rooting at the nodes; runners, leaf stalks and flower shoots with long spreading to appressed hairs and usually greenish not reddish-tinged.
Leaves:
Basal in rosettes, palmately compound, on stalks 2-15 cm long; leaflets 3, egg-shaped, short-stalked, 2-7 cm long, the lower surface smooth to silky-hairy, the upper surface smooth and glaucous bluish-green, the margins coarsely toothed, the terminal tooth less than 1/2 as wide as and shorter than the adjacent teeth.
Flowers:
Inflorescence an open cluster of 2 to 15 stalked flowers atop axillary, leafless shoots that are usually shorter than the surrounding leaves at maturity; corollas white, the petals 5, egg-shaped to round, 4-9 (12) mm long; calyces long-silky-hairy, 5-lobed, the lobes (sepals) lance-elliptic, 3-7 mm long, alternating with lanceolate bractlets that are shorter than the sepals; ovaries superior; stamens about 20.
Fruits:
Strawberries, hemispheric, about 1 cm wide, covered with achenes; achenes about 1.5 mm long, partly sunken in the fleshy receptacle.
Notes:
Two varieties with overlapping ranges occur in BC:

1. Leaf-stalks and flower-shoots with appressed hairs; petals mostly 4-10 mm long, narrowly egg-shaped....................... var. glauca S. Wats.

1. Leaf-stalks and flower-shoots with spreading hairs; petals mostly 8-12 mm long, nearly circular....................... var. platypetala (Rydb.) Hall

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to dry fields, roadsides, meadows, grassy slopes, thickets, forest edges and open forests in the lowland to subalpine zones; common throughout BC; N to AK and NT, E to NF and S to CA, CO, TN and GA.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Fragaria virginiana ssp. glauca

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 71 1207 2019
Slope Gradient (%) 0 18 200
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 186 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 3 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
586
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BG(1), BWBS(28), CWH(1), ESSF(88), ICH(28), IDF(234), MS(131), PP(12), SBPS(2), SBS(9)

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Fragaria glauca (S. Watson) Rydb.
Fragaria multicipita Fernald
Fragaria ovalis (Lehm.) Rydb.
Fragaria pauciflora Rydb.
Fragaria virginiana var. glauca S. Watson
Fragaria virginiana var. ovalis (Lehm.) R.J. Davis
Fragaria virginiana var. terrae-novae (Rydb.) Fernald & Wiegand

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References