E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Fritillaria camschatcensis (L.) Ker Gawl.
northern rice-root (black lily; Kamchatka fritillary; northern riceroot; riceroot fritillary)
Liliaceae

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Heinz Baum  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #6143)

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Distribution of Fritillaria camschatcensis
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Species Information

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General:
Perennial herb from a bulb of several larger, fleshy scales subtended by numerous small, rice-grain bulblets; stems 20-60 (80) cm tall, sturdy, smooth.
Leaves:
Usually in 2 or 3 main whorls of 5 to 10 on the upper part of the stem, with a few scattered and alternate near the tip, lanceolate, 5-10 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide, smooth.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of usually several, spreading to nodding, relatively short-stalked flowers in the axils of upper leaves; flowers bronze to purplish-brown or nearly black, rarely yellowish-green, rarely mottled, narrowly bell-shaped, of 6 similar, distinct tepals, the tepals oblong-lanceolate to elliptic or egg-shaped, 2-3 cm long, 6-12 mm wide, ridged lengthwise on the inner surface; stamens 6; pistil 1, 3-chambered.
Fruits:
Capsules, erect, barrel-shaped, bluntly 6-angled, wings lacking, 2-3.5 cm long; seeds numerous, flattened.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist tideflats, meadows, open forests, rocky beaches and streambanks in the lowland to subalpine zones; common along coast, infrequent inland; N to AK and YT and S to W WA and OR.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Fritillaria camschatcensis

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 0 449 1440
Slope Gradient (%) 0 13 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
20 186 359
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 5 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
D
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
70
Modal BEC Zone Class
CWH
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: CWH(39), ESSF(5), ICH(7), MH(8), SBS(8)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Lilium camschatcense L.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References