E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Galeopsis bifida Boenn.
split-lip hemp-nettle (Bifid Hemp-nettle; splitlip hempnettle)
Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Curtis Bjork  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #21917)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Galeopsis bifida
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, 15-70 cm tall, branched when well developed, 4-angled, bristly-hairy, also with well-distributed red- or yellow-tipped glandular-hairs.
Opposite, egg-shaped to lanceolate, 3-10 cm long, 1-5 cm wide, blunt-toothed, tips pointed, bases rounded or wedge-shaped, stiff-hairy; stalked.
Inflorescence of several dense axillary flower clusters, subtended by upper leaves; corollas tubular, purple, pink, white or pale yellow with dark markings, 13-14 mm long, the upper lip arched and entire, the lower 3-lobed, spreading, the middle lobe convex, deeply notched, bearing 2 nipple-like protuberences on the upper side near base, its network of dark markings reaching the margins or the whole lip dark; calyces about 1 cm long at flowering, somewhat larger in fruit, the erect spine-tipped teeth about equaling tube, the tube strongly 5-ribbed, hairy within; stamens 4, anthers hairy.
Nutlets, 4 clustered together, egg-shaped, 3-4 mm long, smooth.
Probably originated by hybridization and polyploidy, similar to Galeopsis tetrahit.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic waste places and forest margins in the lowland, steppe and montane zones; frequent throughout BC south of 56degreeN; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Galeopsis tetrahit var. bifida

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References