E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Galium kamtschaticum Steller ex Schult. & Schult. f.
boreal bedstraw (northern wild-licorice)
Rubiaceae (Madder family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Nancy Turner  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #74947)

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Distribution of Galium kamtschaticum
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a creeping rhizome; stems erect, solitary, simple, round, smooth or sparsely hairy, 10-30 cm tall.
Basal leaves soon deciduous or lacking; stem leaves in whorls of 4, egg-shaped to elliptic, awl-like at the tips, 1-3 cm long, sparsely hairy, with marginal hairs, these pointing forward, 3-veined, unstalked, the lower whorls smaller than upper ones.
Inflorescence a small open cluster of 1-3 (6) stalked flowers arising from the centre of the uppermost leaf whorl; corollas whitish to greenish, 2.5-3.5 mm wide, 4-lobed; calyces obsolete.
Nutlets, 2, 1.2-1.5 mm long, with numerous, short, hooked hairs.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist streambanks, thickets, forests and talus slopes in the lowland and montane zones; infrequent in coastal and C BC; rare in SE BC; amphiberingian, N to AK, E to NF and S to NY and ME; E Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Galium kamtschaticum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 2 566 1500
Slope Gradient (%) 0 13 85
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 284 344
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(1), CWH(32), ICH(13), IDF(1), MH(1), SBS(10)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References