E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Galium verum L.
yellow bedstraw (Yellow Spring bedstraw)
Rubiaceae (Madder family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #10170)

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Distribution of Galium verum
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a creeping rhizome; stems decumbent to erect, several, branched, finely hairy, at least in the inflorescence, 25-120 cm tall/long.
Basal leaves lacking; stem leaves in whorls of 6-8, sometimes up to 12, narrowly linear with margins rolled under, 1-veined, the tips with rigid points, finely hairy, 1-3 cm long, unstalked.
Inflorescence a terminal, leafy-bracted, compound panicle of numerous short-stalked flowers, corollas saucer-shaped, bright yellow, 4-lobed, 2-4 mm wide.
Nutlets, 2, 1-1.5 mm long, smooth.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic to dry fields and roadsides; rare on Vancouver Island, the Gulf Islands, SC BC and SE BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Galium verum

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 785 785 785
Slope Gradient (%) 5 5 5
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
270 270 270
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
4 4 4
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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