E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Gentiana glauca Pall.
glaucous gentian (pale gentian)
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Jamie Fenneman  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #60792)

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Distribution of Gentiana glauca
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from a slender rhizome; stems erect, solitary, simple, yellow-green, glabrous, 4-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves elliptic to oval, 1-2 cm long, forming a rosette; stem leaves opposite, 2-4 pairs, egg-shaped to more elongate, 5-10 mm long.
Inflorescence an erect, terminal, flat-topped cluster of short-stalked flowers; corollas deep blue, greenish-blue or rarely yellowish-white, tubular, 1-2 cm long, lobes 5, widely triangular, 2-2.5 mm long, sinuses with small plicate lobes; calyces 5-7 mm long; stamens shorter than the corolla tubes; anthers up to 1.5 mm long.
Capsules, 1-chambered, broadly lanceolate; seeds flattened, pale tan, honeycomb-pitted, irregularly wrinkled, wing-margined, 0.7-1.0 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist to mesic meadows in the alpine zone; frequent in and E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains in BC, rare on the coast; amphiberingian, N to AK, YT and NT, E to AB and S to MT and N WA; E Asia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Gentiana glauca

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 55 1786 3000
Slope Gradient (%) 0 16 78
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 238 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
0 3 8
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(9), BAFA(112), BWBS(2), cma(2), ESSF(88), IMA(42), MH(2), MS(1), SBS(3), SWB(34)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Dasystephana glauca (Pall.) Rydb.
Gentianodes glauca (Pall.) A. Löve & D. Löve

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References