E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Gentianella tenella (Rottb.) Börner
Dane's Gentian (Dane's dwarf gentian; Hairstem Groundsmoke; slender gentian)
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ryan Batten  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #66790)

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Distribution of Gentianella tenella
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Gentianella tenella ssp. tenella

Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems ascending to erect, several, branched or simple, 4-15 cm tall.
Basal leaves a pair or more numerous in a rosette, egg-shaped to elliptic; stem leaves opposite, lanceolate to elliptic, 4-15 mm long, 1-4 mm wide, not joined (except for the lower ones).
Inflorescence of solitary, terminal, long-stalked flowers, the stalks longer than the adjacent internodes; corollas blue to white, 8-15 mm long, tubular, 4-lobed (sometimes 5-lobed), the lobes each bearing a pair of fringed scales; calyces 4-10 mm long, 4- to 5- lobed, the lobes 1/2 the length of the corollas or longer; stamens shorter than the corolla tubes; anthers 0.8-1.0 mm long.
Capsules, narrowly egg-shaped; seeds egg-shaped, slightly flattened, wingless, nearly glabrous, yellow to light brown, 0.6-0.8 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows from the montane to alpine zones; rare, known only from Tagish Lake (N BC) and Tenquille Lake (S BC); circumpolar, N to AK, YT and NT and S to CO, UT, NM, AZ and CA; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References