E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Gentianella propinqua (Richardson) J.M. Gillett
Four-parted Gentian (Dwarf Groundsmoke; fourpart dwarf gentian; Spreading Groundsmoke)
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #74460)

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Distribution of Gentianella propinqua
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Gentianella propinqua ssp. propinqua

Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems ascending to erect, several, simple or branched from the base, 4-40 cm tall.
Basal leaves oblanceolate to spoon-shaped or elliptic, crowded, forming a rosette; stem leaves opposite, narrowly egg-shaped, 5-35 mm long, 2-10 mm wide, not joined at the base.
Inflorescence of loose, axillary and terminal clusters of several to many, stalked flowers; corollas blue to white, 12-20 mm long, tubular to narrowly funnelform, 4-lobed, the lobes not fringed in the throat; calyces 5-12 mm long, 4-lobed, the lobes longer than the tubes; stamens as long as the corolla tubes; anthers 0.7-1.5 mm long.
Capsules, cylindric; seeds egg-shaped, wingless, glabrous, light to dark brown, 0.6-0.8 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows, streambanks, open forests and roadsides in all zones; frequent in N BC, less frequent southward in and E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to MT.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Gentianella propinqua

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 500 1705 2465
Slope Gradient (%) 0 22 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
10 176 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(4), BAFA(21), BWBS(3), ESSF(20), IDF(2), IMA(1), MS(2), SBS(2), SWB(9)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References