E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Gentianella propinqua (Richardson) J.M. Gillett
Four-parted Gentian (Dwarf Groundsmoke; fourpart dwarf gentian; Spreading Groundsmoke)
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #74460)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Gentianella propinqua
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Gentianella propinqua ssp. propinqua

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.



General:
Annual herb from a taproot; stems ascending to erect, several, simple or branched from the base, 4-40 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves oblanceolate to spoon-shaped or elliptic, crowded, forming a rosette; stem leaves opposite, narrowly egg-shaped, 5-35 mm long, 2-10 mm wide, not joined at the base.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of loose, axillary and terminal clusters of several to many, stalked flowers; corollas blue to white, 12-20 mm long, tubular to narrowly funnelform, 4-lobed, the lobes not fringed in the throat; calyces 5-12 mm long, 4-lobed, the lobes longer than the tubes; stamens as long as the corolla tubes; anthers 0.7-1.5 mm long.
Fruits:
Capsules, cylindric; seeds egg-shaped, wingless, glabrous, light to dark brown, 0.6-0.8 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows, streambanks, open forests and roadsides in all zones; frequent in N BC, less frequent southward in and E of the Coast-Cascade Mountains; N to AK, YT and NT, E to NF and S to MT.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Gentianella propinqua

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 500 1705 2465
Slope Gradient (%) 0 22 80
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
10 176 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 3 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
65
Modal BEC Zone Class
BAFA
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: AT(4), BAFA(21), BWBS(3), ESSF(20), IDF(2), IMA(1), MS(2), SBS(2), SWB(9)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References