E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Gentianopsis macounii (T. Holm) Iltis
Macoun's fringed gentian
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Ian Gardiner  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #25653)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Gentianopsis macounii
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Species Information

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Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, several, simple or few-branched, 15-40 cm tall.
Basal leaves numerous, tufted, oblanceolate to spoon-shaped, 1.5-4 cm long, soon deciduous; stem leaves opposite, 2-4 pairs, narrowly lanceolate to oblanceolate, 1.5-5 cm long.
Inflorescence of 1 to few terminal or axillary flowers on long, naked stalks; corollas deep blue or purplish, tubular, 4-lobed, sometimes 3-lobed, the lobes minutely jagged and with a few slender lateral teeth, rounded at the tips, not fringed in the throat, 3.5-5.5 mm long; calyces 15-25 mm long, 1/2 the length of the corollas, the lobes pointed and subequal; stamens shorter than the corolla lobes; anthers 3-4 mm long.
Capsules, cylindric; seeds oblong, angular, wingless, finely pimpled, dark-brown, 0.5 mm long.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Wet to moist fens, meadows and streamsides in the montane zone; rare in SE BC, known only from Field and Wapta Falls; N to YT and NT, E to PQ and S to MN and SD.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Gentianopsis macounii

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 760 1278 2210
Slope Gradient (%) 0 28 70
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
154 187 220
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
2 4 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: ESSF(1), SBS(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Anthopogon tonsum (Lunell) Rydb.
Gentiana crinita var. tonsa (Lunell) Boivin
Gentiana detonsa var. unicaulis
Gentiana gaspensis Victorin
Gentiana macounii T. Holm
Gentiana tonsa (Lunell) Victorin
Gentianella crinita
Gentianella crinita subsp. macounii (T. Holm) J.M. Gillett
Gentianopsis procera subsp. macounii (Holm) Iltis

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References