E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Glechoma hederacea L.
ground-ivy (ground ivy)
Lamiaceae (Mint family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Diane Williamson  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #20495)

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Distribution of Glechoma hederacea
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from slender stolon and fibrous roots; stems reclining, trailing, 10-40 cm long, hairy, at least at nodes, to almost glabrous, 4-angled; rooting at nodes.
Stem leaves only, opposite, heart- to kidney-shaped, 1-4 cm wide, coarsely blunt-toothed, green or tinged with purple, glabrous or hairy; stalks 1-3 cm long.
Inflorescence loose, of few-flowered axillary flower clusters; bracts bristle-like; stalks short; corollas tubular, hairy within at base of lower lip, mostly 13-23 mm long, purplish-blue, purple-spotted on lower lip, the upper lip shallowly 2-lobed, the larger lower lip with short lateral lobes and broad middle lobe; calyces tubular, 3-7 mm long, 15-veined, minutely rough-hairy, upper 3 teeth longer than lower 2.
Nutlets, 4 clustered together, egg-shaped, brown.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Mesic waste places, lawns, and open forests in the lowland zone; frequent in SW BC, infrequent in C and SC BC; introduced from Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Glechoma hederacea

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 350 350 350
Slope Gradient (%) 0 0 0
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
5 5 5
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: IDF(1)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Glechoma hederacea var. micrantha Moric.
Glechoma hederacea var. parviflora (Benth.) House
Nepeta hederacea (L.) Trevis.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References