E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Goodyera repens (L.) R. Br.
dwarf rattlesnake orchid (lesser rattlesnake plantain)
Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Adolf Ceska  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #5715)

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Distribution of Goodyera repens
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Species Information

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Perennial herb from slender rhizomes; stems 10-25 cm tall, with bracts, lacking leaves, glandular-hairy.
In a basal cluster, the stalks 5-15 mm long, the blades egg-shaped to oblong-elliptic, 1-3 cm long, dark green, sometimes whitish net-veined.
Inflorescence a terminal, somewhat twisted, 1-sided, bracted, spikelike raceme, the flowers greenish-white, small; sepals 3-3.5 mm long, 1-veined, the upper sepal joined with lateral petals to form a hood over the lip; lip 3-3.5 mm long, pouchlike, beaked.
Capsules, ascending or divergent, egg-shaped, 5-9 mm long, tipped by dried flowers.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Dry to moist, mossy forests in the steppe and montane zones; frequent throughout C and E BC; circumpolar, N to AK and YT, E to NF and S to ME, MA, PA, SC, IN, WI, MN, SD, NM and AZ; Eurasia.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Goodyera repens

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 6 890 1922
Slope Gradient (%) 0 16 205
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
0 4 360
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
1 4 7
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(294), CDF(2), CWH(5), ESSF(33), ICH(190), IDF(54), MS(47), SBPS(4), SBS(220), SWB(8)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is montane boreal & cool temperate.

Synonyms and Alternate Names

Goodyera ophioides (Fern.) Rydb.
Goodyera repens subsp. ophioides (Fernald) A. L÷ve & Simon
Goodyera repens var. ophioides Fernald
Peramium ophioides (Fern.) Rydb.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

General References