E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Halenia deflexa (Sm.) Griseb.
Spurred Gentian (American spurred gentian)
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #58466)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Halenia deflexa
Click here to view the full interactive map and legend
Details about map content are available here
Click on the map dots to view record details.

Halenia deflexa ssp. deflexa

Species Information

Click on the image below to view an expanded illustration for this species.

Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, solitary, simple or branched above, 10-50 cm tall.
Basal leaves several, oblanceolate or spoon-shaped, stalked; stem leaves opposite, lanceolate to egg-shaped, unstalked, 2-5 cm long, lowermost somewhat reduced.
Inflorescence of loose, terminal or axillary clusters of stalked flowers; corollas purplish-green or bronze, tubular, 10 mm long, 4- to 5-lobed, the lobes cleft nearly to the base, each lobe with 1-5 mm slender spurs; calyces 1/2 the length of the corollas, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate; stamens 2/3 the length of the corollas; anthers 0.5-0.6 mm long.
Capsules, oblanceolate; seeds oblong, round in cross-section, wingless, glabrous or granular, light-brown, 1.2-1.4 mm long. vol3_5

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows and open forests in the montane zone; infrequent in SE and NE BC; E to NF and S to NY, MI, SD, MT and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia


Ecological Framework for Halenia deflexa

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class




Elevation (metres) 872 1139 1325
Slope Gradient (%) 0 12 32
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
90 291 292
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 4 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
Modal BEC Zone Class
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(1), IDF(3), MS(2)


The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

Additional Photo Sources

Related Databases

General References