E-Flora BC: Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia

Halenia deflexa (Sm.) Griseb.
Spurred Gentian (American spurred gentian)
Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Introduction to Vascular Plants

© Bryan Kelly-McArthur  Email the photographer   (Photo ID #58466)

E-Flora BC Static Map
Distribution of Halenia deflexa
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SUBTAXA PRESENT IN BC
Halenia deflexa ssp. deflexa

Species Information

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General:
Annual herb from a taproot; stems erect, solitary, simple or branched above, 10-50 cm tall.
Leaves:
Basal leaves several, oblanceolate or spoon-shaped, stalked; stem leaves opposite, lanceolate to egg-shaped, unstalked, 2-5 cm long, lowermost somewhat reduced.
Flowers:
Inflorescence of loose, terminal or axillary clusters of stalked flowers; corollas purplish-green or bronze, tubular, 10 mm long, 4- to 5-lobed, the lobes cleft nearly to the base, each lobe with 1-5 mm slender spurs; calyces 1/2 the length of the corollas, deeply 4-lobed, the lobes lanceolate; stamens 2/3 the length of the corollas; anthers 0.5-0.6 mm long.
Fruits:
Capsules, oblanceolate; seeds oblong, round in cross-section, wingless, glabrous or granular, light-brown, 1.2-1.4 mm long. vol3_5

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Habitat / Range

Moist meadows and open forests in the montane zone; infrequent in SE and NE BC; E to NF and S to NY, MI, SD, MT and MX.

Source: The Illustrated Flora of British Columbia

Ecology

Ecological Framework for Halenia deflexa

The table below shows the species-specific information calculated from
original data (BEC database) provided by the BC Ministry of Forests and Range.
(Updated August, 2013)

Site Information
Value / Class

Minimum

Average

Maximum

Elevation (metres) 872 1139 1325
Slope Gradient (%) 0 12 32
Aspect (degrees)
[0 - N; 90 - E; 180 - S; 270 - W]
90 291 292
Soil Moisture Regime (SMR)
[0 - very xeric; 4 - mesic;
8 - hydric]
3 4 6
Modal Nutrient Regime
Class
C
Number of field plots
 species was recorded in:
6
Modal BEC Zone Class
IDF
All BEC Zones (# of stations/zone) species was recorded in: BWBS(1), IDF(3), MS(2)

Climate

The climate type for this species, as reported in the: "British Columbia plant species codes and selected attributes. Version 6 Database" (Meidinger et al. 2008), is not evaluated, unknown or variable.

Taxonomic and Nomenclatural Links

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General References